Top Treks in Everest Region 2020

The Everest region is the most well-known of all the trekking routes all around the world. This region is one of the best trekking for adventure devotees with full of ultimate natural splendor. The region encompasses Sagarmatha National Park, home of the tallest mountains like Mt. Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Amadablam, Cho Oyu and other several mountains.

Besides the captivating scenery, one has the opportunity to witness the local Sherpa culture, a people recognized for their friendliness, faithfulness, and incredible strengths and endurance in the high mountains of Nepal. Trek to Everest region gets to experience extensive ranges of flora and fauna in Sagarmatha National Park, a world heritage site. The trails wind through secluded valleys, through small picturesque villages across high mountain passes and past isolated monasteries.

Nepalese states massive peak as Sagarmatha which means the goddess of sky likewise, Tibetan people say Chomolungma which denotes the goddess of the universe. The Everest Region, also recognized as the Solukhumbu region, featured with sweeping glaciers, magnificent snow-clad mountain, fragrant forest trails, and world well-known monasteries. 

The Everest Region sited between 86˚31′ – 86˚58′ East longitude and 27˚47′ – 28˚71′ North Latitude. Lies about 90 km northeast from Kathmandu. It encompasses three sub-region – Khumbu (Namche and Khumjung Village Development Committees) in the north, Pharak (Charikharka) in the middle and Solu in the south.

Nowhere in the globe is more remarkable than in the Everest region. The Everest region offers several treks that is suitable for family with children, school groups and solo. Here is the list of the best trekking  in the Everest region that must not be missed in 2020:

1.      Everest Base Camp

Everest Base Camp trek lets you soar from 2,800 meters to 5,300 meters. Annually, thousands of trekkers visit to catch a sight of one of the globe’s most renowned mountain Mount Everest Base camp- the foothills of the tallest mountain on the globe- Mount Everest.

 Getting a glimpse of the notorious Khumbu Icefall and viewing expeditions getting ready for their bid to the highest summit on earth from base camp is another attraction of this trek. Also, jaw-dropping sceneries of Pumori (7,145m), Lingtren (6,697m), Khumbutse (6,623m), etc will greet as trekkers trek to Kalapathar nestled at the elevation of 5,550m from the base camp.

Further trekking on the Everest base camp route is like working your system through a spiritual art piece combined with the most inspiring soaring peaks you have ever imagined of. The trekkers get energized with the prayers wheels, fluttering prayer flags and enormous hand-carved prayer stones dotted along the trail.

The route also weaves through awe-inspiring high suspension bridges adorned with prayer flags, milky river (Dudh Koshi), stunning alpine landscapes, quaint Sherpa settlement and enjoy a delicious meal in cozy tea houses. Even trekkers get a chance to encounter rainbow-colored vibrant Himalayan monal pheasant, snow cock, magnificent eagles and many wildlife along the trail.

Moreover, trekkers get to retrace the footsteps of world-famous mountaineers, comprising Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay who made their historic Everest expedition in 1953. The ideal period to trek the Everest Base Camp is during April – May (spring) or October – November (autumn) which are regarded to be pre-monsoon and post-monsoon period respectively. There are less likely of rain and the colors of the season are in full swing at these times.

2. Everest High Passes Trek

Everest High Passes trek integrates all of the places of interest of the other treks in the Everest region into one single challenging journey.

Numerous trekkers make it their mission to traverse the notorious ‘high passes’ in addition to getting Everest Base Camp. Stunning and unparalleled mountain views, including the almighty Everest, Ama Dablam, and Lhotse can catch sight in a mere distance. The passes are challenging, and present an opportunity to acclimatize before reaching Base Camp and Kalapathar.

The route leads trekkers on a complete ring of the Sagarmatha National Park, passing through all the countless viewpoints and picturesque villages. The trail takes less trodden trails into the more isolated valleys adjacent to the main Everest Base Camp trail. Get ready for some solemn hiking and high-altitude mountain passes, as trekkers will be traversing over three passes, beyond 5000m: Kongma La, Cho La, and Renjo La. The trekkers have an option to take either two high passes trek or three passes trek.

3. Everest Base Camp Comfort Trek

Embarking into the base of the world’s highest peak is in almost everybody’s bucket list! Almost all of us have imagined of hiking through the beautiful lush landscapes and blooming flora with the mountains glittering in the backdrop for an experience of a lifetime!

Everest Base Camp Comfort Trek reaches the base camp of the highest peak whilst staying in the comfort lodges of the Everest region. This trek incorporates the trekking to the famous Everest Base camp trek but with added comfort. The Itinerary has been designed for those who prefer to undertake the trek to the base of Mount Everest with comfort.

The trek further provides a huge opportunity to explore around the world heritage site of the Sagarmatha National Park which hosts a diverse range of wildlife, vegetation. Many well-known flowing rivers, deep lakes, sunset and sunrise over the Himalayas are also the highlight of this trek. Morning sunrise view from height and traversing Dudh Koshi River (milky river) across through several short and long suspension bridges make the trek more thrilling. In addition, trekkers can gather overwhelming experience of walking through stone steeped hamlets and glacial valleys. Moreover, trekkers can indulge themselves in the jaw-dropping mountain backdrop with four of the world’s six tallest peaks of Mt. Everest, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Makalu, and Cho Oyu soaring above everything in view. 

4. Everest Comfort Lodge Trek

Everest Comfort Trek itinerary has been designed to accommodate trekkers who wish a relaxed stay while trekking on the classical route to Everest. The trek allows trekkers to soak the beauty of the Everest region in comfort while being able to experience the local culture of the nearby villages.

The trek commence from Lukla and takes into the core of the Khumbu region with an opportunity to stay in the comfort mountain lodges. Along the trails, you can have a close insight into the different landscapes and the traditional Himalayan lifestyle.

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5.  Gokyo Lakes Trek- The Himalayan gems

Gokyo Lakes trek is the popular trek in the Everest a region that takes you up a corresponding valley to the small lakeside settlement of Gokyo and then onto a series of isolated lakes even farther up the valley.

Any trekkers would be captivated by the turquoise waters of Gokyo lakes, glaciers draped on the Himalayas. Furthermore, the trekkers can soak the panoramic views of the 360-degree mountain ranges beyond 8,000m.

Gokyo Lake is the fresh alpine lake, comprising six main lakes which are believed to be the highest collection of freshwater lakes in the globe. Those who love the trekking in the Himalaya glacier, this is the best site to visit.

The first portion of the trek to reach Gokyo Lakes follows a similar trail for Everest Base Camp, so trekkers can include a visit to Gokyo Lakes to the approach to Everest Base Camp, or their return.

After reaching these Himalayan gems, trekkers have the option to ascend Gokyo Peak, which nestled 5,357 above sea level.  The peak offers commanding views of four of the six highest mountains in the world: Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu.

6. Pikey PeakTrek to Lower Everest Region

Situated at the altitude of 4,065m/ 13,335ft, Pike peak comprises some of the world’s best mountain vistas, which are not to be missed. Trekkers can witness Kanchenjunga in eastern Nepal right across to Makalu, Everest, Lhotse, and Cho Oyu and all the way to the Annapurna range west of Kathmandu. Legend has it that Sir Edmund Hillary himself stated the peak to be the best place from which to gaze upon Mount Everest. The name Pikey originates from the name of a Sherpa Clan god and the locals observe to worship their clan god.

Trekking to Pikey itself is a delight as trekkers hike through woodlands of birch and rhododendron. If trekkers visit in spring (March-May) then entire forests adorn with colorful rhododendron flowers. From May-October one can witness cattle grazing to meadow all over the area, reminding trekkers of why the newly opened trails from Shivalaya are called the ‘cheese trail’.

This trek is an ideal choice for those seeking to experience rural Nepal and provide jaw-dropping vistas of Everest on a full scale. From Kathmandu, trekkers have opted to drive or fly in to access the trek.

7. Everest by Helicopter

Everest by Helicopter Tour is ideal for those who have a limited amount of time but still want to savor the sight of Everest from the close proximity. This tour is one of the most unforgettable experiences you can do in Nepal.

Everest Heli Tour will give you electrifying views of the globe’s tallest mountain “Mt. Everest”. Besides, one can witness several neighboring peaks such as Mt. Lhotse (8,516m), Mt. Makalu (8,463m), Mt. Cho Oyu (8,201m) and an additional 27 mountains in the Everest area. You will get an opportunity to have hearty breakfast at the hotel (Kongde or Syangboche) of the highest elevation while drenching the view of the Mt. Everest at a close distance.

Even one can combine trekking with a thrilling helicopter tour by choosing Everest Helicopter Trek. Trekkers can start the trek from Lukla passing many villages all the way to Everest Base Camp and Kalapathar’s viewpoint. Then trekkers can descend to Gorakshep for the Helicopter ride back to Kathmandu. During the helicopter ride, you can enjoy aerial vistas of massive Mount Everest, Sherpa settlements and glacial valley.

Indeed, the Everest Helicopter trek and tour filled your life with more enthusiasm and delight once you step your foot to the Kalapathar vantage point that grasps surreal vistas over the whole Everest range. 

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8. Amadablam Base Camp Trek- Trek to the world’s beautiful mountain

Amadablam recognized widely as ‘Matterhorn’ among westerners due to its high ridges and steep faces. The title of the peak ‘Ama Dablam has a distinct meaning.  Mount Ama Dablam (6,812 m) derived from the traditional language. The long glacial deposit on each side of the peak is formed resemble the arms of a mother “Ama” protecting her child. The glacier represents a necklace “Dablam”, the traditional pendant with pictures of god worn by Sherpa women.

Ama Dablam attracts any person who sets eyes on her.  Ama Dablam Basecamp provides the marvelous backdrops of the Himalayan range of Everest the region with the world’s tallest Mt. Everest (8848 Meter), Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Lhotse Shar and numerous adjacent peaks.

This splendid Ama Dablam Base Camp Trek commences from Lukla following classic and renowned Everest Base Camp Trek. This trek designed for those who would like to see Everest, but do not have an adequate period to trek all the way to Everest base camp. Even the trekkers planning to embark on Everest base Camp can add Amadablam Base Camp as a side trek for acclimatization.

FAQ about Everest Region

How long does it take to walk to Mt Everest Base Camp?

Usually, the trek to Everest Base Camp consumes 14 days to complete on a 130km round-trip. It takes eight days to get to Base Camp and four days to get back down. Generally, the trek involves 9-day long trekking and 3-day acclimatization days.

Can you take a helicopter to Everest Base Camp?

The helicopter ride takes you to the base of Kalapathar picturesque hill for a magnificent backdrop of Mt. Everest. This tour can be done within a short span of time without exertion. Even you can combine Helicopter tour with EBC treks. For more information contact us.

What is the difficulty level of Everest Base Camp trek?

Everest base camp trek does not require professional trekking experiences.  However, one should be physically fit and sound mental determination. It is advisable to involve in hiking, cycling, uphill climbing prior to the trek. 

 What is Altitude Sickness?

Altitude sickness, the mildest form being acute mountain sickness (AMS), is the negative health result of high elevation. It occurred by speedy exposure to low amounts of oxygen at high elevation. To know more about Altitude sickness link  the article: Altitude Mountain Sickness: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Can I apply for a visa online?

You can get visa online – filling the form and following the step by step procedure at

Do I need to get a visa to travel to Nepal? What are the documents required to visit Nepal?

All nationals must hold a valid passport. Your passport must be valid for at least six months beyond your expected date of departure from Nepal. An entry visa for all except Indians for Nepal is required. You need to arrange these prior to departure with the relevant embassy/consulate or you even get a visa on arrival. Learn more:  Visa and Documents requirement

Do I need to take permits to trek in the Everest region?

The trekkers who wish to trek the Everest region need a TIMS card, Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Entrance Permit and  Sagarmatha National Park permit.  If you are trekking Pike Peak at Lower Everest region then, the trekkers require to obtain TIMS and Gauri Shankar National Park Permit. Nepal Sanctuary Treks is here to arrange all the permits and organize the customize treks for you.


45 Things to Know Before You Hike to Everest Base Camp

You are suggested to go through the following list of what you should know before going to Everest base camp as a trekker. They are listed in no specific order.

Everest location


Known as the roof of the world for being the tallest mountain on the Earth, Mt. Everest (8848m. / 29029ft.) is in Solukhumbu district of North-Eastern Nepal. It marks the international border between Tibet and Nepal.

Mount Everest is the most outstanding part of Mahalangur range of great Himalayas. After trekking for approximately a week, you will reach the base camp of this mountain.

Best season for Everest base camp trekking

There are two preferable seasons for Everest base camp trekking: Spring and autumn. The spring season starts from mid-February and ends towards the end of May. The period between March and May is the hottest time of year when temperatures might go up to 30°C. 

The autumn season starts from mid-September and lasts until the end of November. It comes with features of dryness, clear blue sky and a mild breeze.

Board a flight to Tenzing-Hillary airport

Tenzing-Hillary airport in Lukla has largely eased the access to Mt. Everest base camp. It takes just 35 minutes’ flight from the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu to reach Lukla.

Tenzing Hillary Airport of Everest Base Camp
Tenzing Hillary Airport of Everest Base Camp

The flight takes you through a sea of cloud and penetrating through it you can view mountainous ranges all around. If you choose to board a flight to Lukla, your trek starts the same day. Otherwise, you have to catch a bus to either Jiri or Salleri and spend some extra days of hiking before reaching Lukla.

Nature of accommodation

Since it is a tourism-flourishing business zone, almost all houses you see in upper Khumbu region are lodges. If you are going to the Mt. Everest base camp or Gokyo, lodging can be the preferable accommodation.

Now, you do not have to worry about finding a lodge for comfortable accommodation in this part of the world. Almost all hotels are quality providers, but even among them, you can choose the standard based on your budget, for there is  a range of options.

However, you need not worry about the basic facilities in any hotel.

Regarding food, you will be provided a menu from where you will get to choose Nepali, Continental, and some Chinese items. The most special thing about those hotels and lodges is that they serve locally produced vegetables and food. Hence, they are healthy and hygienic to eat.

Everest base camp trekking cost coverage

There is no fixed price for hiking up to the Mt. Everest base camp. It differs from company to company. By and large, the cost is determined by nature of accommodation, seasons, your special requirements, etc. At a normal range, you will be charged from US$ 1000 to US$3000 for an average 12 days – 17 days’ trek.  The cost is normally exclusive of a hot shower, battery charging, telephone, internet, beverage and personal shopping.

Trekking route to Mt. Everest base camp

The most often used itinerary for Mt. Everest base camp trek is of 8 days. Sometimes, some trekking companies might offer their clients a quite different trekking route from the traditional one.

Route for Everest Base Camp
Route for Everest Base Camp


The traditional route is: Kathmandu – Lukla – Phakding – Namche  -Tengboche – Dingboche – Lobuche – Gorakshep – Everest base camp. Nonetheless, you are always welcome to review and make changes to the route.

Hire a trekking guide

First of all, the law of Nepal has legalized the necessity of a trekking guide for any foreign trekker in the Himalayas. If you hire a guide, he will manage all the necessary preparations for the trek.

He will give you so much of information about the place and people. Many obstacles might occur during the trek. If you fall sick before the end of your journey, the guide will be of huge help.

Hence, you have to consider hiring a guide who is very much familiar with the route and your destination.

Both group and solo hiking are possible

A trekking agency can deploy staffs for any size of guests’ team. It is all up to the tourists’ choice. If you love traveling alone, you can simply hire a guide and make a move with him.

Trekking itinerary might be more flexible if you love solo trekking. If you feel insecure alone, you are suggested to come with a group. Another advantage of group trekking is that the bigger the group size, the lesser the price.

Necessary trekking gears

Trekking gear list depends upon the season of your travel. The basic gears include lightweight hiking boots, waterproof boots, a pair of sandals, hiking socks, windproof jackets, sunglasses, gloves, quick-dry underwear, day pack, sleeping bag, headlamp, trekking poles, etc.

Required documents and permits

For Everest base camp trek, TIMS (Trekkers Information Management System) card and Sagarmatha National Park entry permit are requirements. If you are on a guided trek, your guide will help you in obtaining the permit and TIMS card. Moreover, you can also obtain them on your own from Nepal Tourism Board or the Sagarmatha National Park entrance. You have to pay US$ 20 for TIMS card whereas Sagarmatha National Park entry fee is US$ 35. For both purposes, you have to bring at least five passport size photos altogether and two copies of your passport.

Is altitude sickness a huge problem up until Base Camp?

There is no age, gender or physical discrimination when it comes to suffering from high altitude sickness. There are, of course, cases where we can see guides carrying their clients on their back to lower region overnight.

Definition of High Altitude
Definition of High Altitude

Due to the increased awareness, however, high altitude sickness has been less severe in recent years even in the Mt. Everest region.

Symptoms of high altitude sickness

The symptoms of high altitude sickness include a headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, difficulty in sleeping, vomiting, increase in pulse rate, dizziness, etc.

High altitude sickness can be prevented

What everyone has to understand is that proper acclimatization is the best fight against this disease. It has been customary to spend at least two nights in Namche Bazaar for acclimatization.

Since you frequently go across villages, you should rather comfortably ascend from 300 to 500 meters per day. It is advisable to consult a physician to determine whether you can survive the harsh weather.

You should not go on any medication without a doctor’s prescription.

Everest base camp can become dangerous

Everest base camp trekking nowhere involves dangerous trail. Nevertheless, the nature of mountains is unpredictable. The thing we have to fear most is the weather.

During the rainy season, the path becomes slippery and muddy, and leach might attack you at the same time. Likewise, during the winter, the temperature goes below -30 degree Celsius.

Hence, you are frequently suggested to hire guides who will play remarkable roles in maintaining your safety and comfort.

You need to hire porters



It is customary to hire a porter to carry your bag to your destination when you are heading to the Everest base camp. It is not that you cannot carry your luggage on your own, but the fact is the higher you go, the more burdensome it becomes for you.

If you hire porters, they will carry your whole luggage to your desired destination, and you can carry just a daypack containing your private stuff. Adopting this strategy will pay you off with a comfortable trek.

You can have access to the internet

Most hotels today have wireless fidelity connections. So, you can use wi-fi paying a certain amount. Cyber communications are also being operated everywhere on the way to Mt. Everest.

Before leaving for the trek, you can also buy a Sim card in Kathmandu. Whenever there is a network, you can buy data packs and use the internet for your convenience.

You should carry Nepali currency

It is necessary for you to carry Nepali rupees during the trek. Upon landing in Kathmandu from your respective country, you can exchange currency almost everywhere, including the airport.

It is necessary for personal shopping, tipping, etc. If you do not have a guide, it is better for you to exchange an amount of money which will suffice the whole trek.

Casualties on the way to Everest base camp

So far, there is no officially recorded death during a trek to Everest base camp. Every year, we hear the news of death at Everest, but it is during expeditions that some people, unfortunately, breathe their last.

If you have health issues, you should have constant communication with your guide so that he will take necessary measures.

The truth is life is meant for death. So, if somebody dies en route to Everest base camp, the trek cannot always be the reason for the casualty.

Train yourself for Everest base camp trek

It is not mandatory to have prior experience of trekking. The trek to Everest base camp does not demand any technical skill hence you do not need to have any previous technical climbing experience or even any altitude experience to complete the trek.

Nevertheless, you should be aware of your health. A comfortable trek requires you to be physically fit and to have excellent strength.

To maintain the required fitness, you can personally train yourself by hiking to higher altitudes, running, cycling, etc. for some weeks before coming to Nepal.

You should be mentally prepared

You need to be mentally prepared for life in the mountains depending on your level of comfort with the outdoors.During your trek, aside from joy, you might as well miss whatever you have left behind.

Though Nepalese are very friendly people, you might face difficulties due to cultural differences. Misunderstandings also might occur, and sometimes they might not be able to fulfill your expectations. Hence, you may need to prepare yourself for what is to come.

Poaching in the Sagarmatha National Park is against the law

Poaching is strictly prohibited inside the Sagarmatha National Park. You can observe many species of flora and fauna, but you are allowed to harm none.

Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park

You should consider being under strict inspection from community police check posts. In case of poaching, the culprit will be condemned to serve long-term jail.

You need insurance

It is essential to have proper insurance while coming to Nepal for trekking to the high Himalayas. Everest base camp trek itinerary involves going as high as to Kalapatthar (5,643 meters).

In spite of having physical fitness and strong health, you might be subject to high altitude sickness. In case of emergency health issues, air evacuation might be necessary. Hence, you are highly suggested to have far-sightedness.

You cannot see the top of Mt. Everest from the base camp

Though your final destination is Everest base camp, you cannot see the top of Mt. Everest from its base. Hence, you are requested to visit Kalapatthar for a close view of Mt. Everest peak.

Best Everest base camp trek agency

No categorization of trekking agencies regarding their quality service has been made so far. Comfort level of trekking mostly depends upon the mutual understanding between the trekking agency and its clients.

The agency’s staffs aim is to make their clients’ journey comfortable, safe and joyous. In spite of the given fact, you are highly suggested to choose an agency with long trekking history.

You should go to Kalapatthar for a sunset view of Mt. Everest peak

Kalapatthar, in Nepali, literally means black stone. After an hour’s hill ascent from Gorakshep, you will reach a place where you will see a massive rock which is black.

Mount Everest from Kala Patthar
Mount Everest from Kala Patthar

The top of this rock rises to an elevation of 5,643 meters, from where you can have a spectacular view of the Mt. Everest. When the weather is clear, the view of Mt. Everest during the sunset gives you a sublime feeling.

The setting sun paints yellowish gray color on what is known as the roof of the world.

Don’t take many showers

The first thing is you will hardly take a bath during the trek, thanks to the coldness. It is almost impossible to even for the local people to take a cold shower. Most lodges offer the facility of the hot shower, but for that, you need to pay a supplementary charge of up to 5 US dollars.

You cannot wash all kinds of clothes

During the acclimatization period, you can wash lightweight t-shirts, socks, underwear, etc. which will be dry within some hours. Washing heavy clothes will only create an additional burden.

You have to be convinced that in spite of being dirty, your clothes will not stink. Wearing them will not cause you any harm, washing them might result in difficult consequences instead.

Use wet wipes instead of cold water

There are water taps and streams throughout the route. However, we recommend you not to wash your hands and face with cold water very often. Instead, a wet wipe is a perfect alternative.

Since everything is cold, you should try to avoid touching cold water so that you will not have to suffer. Using wet wipes has been the most customary practice for any trekker going to the Everest base camp.

You can buy trekking kits in Nepal

Some tourists bother themselves by bringing all necessary gears from their country while some much familiar tourists prefer buying them in Nepal. Thamel area in Kathmandu can be the best place to buy trekking kits.

Trekking Kits

Before doing your shopping, you should consult your hiking company for the required kit list because different seasons require you to have different kits. The North Face Shop, Mountain Hardware Shop, etc. on Tridevi road in Thamel and Redfox, Sherpa, Black Yak, etc. in Durbarmarg area are some of the best places to buy trekking gears.

You can buy them even in places like Namche and Lukla, but the price will be more costly.

Sherpas own the hotels and lodges

Anywhere you reach in Khumbu region; you will mostly see Sherpa people. Since they are born in the Himalayas and grown up there, the Sherpas open hotels and start their career in mountaineering and trekking. Hence, almost all hotels and lodges, on the way to Everest base camp, are owned by Sherpa.

Bring tools of entertainment

While hiking up to Mt. Everest base camp, there are some days when you have to walk only for 2 to 3 hours. There are unquestionably wonderful scenes to view or go to, but sometimes you might love to stay inside the hotel and enjoy there without bothering your feet.

Many tourists can be seen reading, especially when they have to wait for their order. Moreover, if you are in a group, you can play card games, ludo, etc. Hence, you are advised to come with the necessary tools of entertainment.

Electricity is available

Throughout the Everest base camp trek trail, hotels and lodges have electricity. You can charge your electronic devices for a certain amount. It is not an issue to worry about, for the charge is not costly.

You are suggested to bring additional batteries and chargers for your comfort. You do not need to pay for the light, though.

What happens if I go to Mt. Everest base camp during monsoon?

If you love the extreme level of adventure and if you have the endurance, you can go trekking to Mt. Everest base camp during the monsoon. But for most trekkers, it is the least preferable season.

Trek to EBC on Mansoon
Trek to EBC on Mansoon

During monsoon, you will experience frequent downpours. Since the path is mostly off-road, there will be puddles, and the path will be muddy. The path will be slippery, and there are chances of landslide too. Also, leaches can cling to and bite you anytime without your awareness.

The greatest problem you might face is though you have an umbrella, you will get drenched, and your clothes will be dirty with mud.

Have vegetarian diet

Once you leave Lukla for your journey ahead, you should consider rather having a vegetarian diet. The Sherpas do not murder animals up in the Himalayas.

Hence, if you are offered meat understand that it is imported from lower valleys. Since meat is not refrigerated and because it takes considerably long time for transportation, it might not remain fresh.

In contrast, most vegetables are locally produced, and they are not at all poisoned.

Limit your walking pace

You are advised to walk at a leisurely pace. Since it is not a marathon and nobody is going to judge your speed, you should focus more on your health.

Trying to move faster and reaching the destination earlier than the scheduled day might cause you serious health problems. You need proper acclimatization before reaching Mt. Everest base camp.

You will see changes in your skin

There is a vast difference between the climate of Kathmandu and that of Everest base camp. Leaving Kathmandu suddenly and going to Mt. Everest base camp will certainly have consequences. Due to extreme coldness, you might lose a layer of your skin, and the skin color will be blackened.

Most tourists use sun-cream to avoid direct exposure to coldness and the sun. Fortunately, when you descend to the lower region, your skin will start gaining normalcy.

Be careful from yaks

You will see a lot of yaks commuting to and fro caring loads on their back. Although there is no record of yak attack so far, you should still be careful from them.

Yaks on the way to EBC
Yaks on the way to EBC

It is because you never know when they turn violent. There are several suspension bridges over rivers and streams. They are wide and strong enough to occupy two-way transportation. Despite that, you should be patient and let the yaks cross the bridge first.

Carry first aid kit

Before setting out for your journey make sure that you have carried the first aid kit. Prevention is better than cure, but you cannot prevent some accidents or diseases.

Normally the trekking agency provides their clients with the first aid kit in case of necessity. But still, you have to ask them whether they have carried before your journey begins.

The first aid kit for Everest base camp trek consists of Diamox, handy plus, bandage, etc.

The higher, the more expensive

The higher you go, the more expensive everything becomes. Due to difficulties in the transportation of goods, the upper Khumbu region is more expensive.

Porters, yaks, and mules are employed for supplying goods from the lower valleys. Some of the stuffs are delivered from Kathmandu by helicopter. Hence, it is no wonder that the further you go, the more costly the trek becomes.

You will not spend the night at Everest base camp

There is no human settlement at the Everest base camp. Only the expedition teams set up their tents for extensive training. Therefore, you will be staying at the nearest village, Gorakshep which is the last village of Everest base camp trekking trail.

The most useful toiletries

You have to carry tools like sun cream, lip balm, toilet roll, wet wipes and biodegradable soaps in your daypack because you might need them any time of the day.

Keep your batteries in your sleeping bag overnight

In order not to let your batteries lose their charge put them inside the sleeping bag overnight. Exposure to extreme coldness might cause them to go dysfunctional. Hence, you better be conscious.

You need to carry a water purifier

You should drink a lot of water throughout the trekking duration so that you will have low chances of suffering from altitude sickness and other diseases.


Drinking water from streams and taps is normally healthy in the high Himalayas. In spite of that, you should carry water purifying tablets, for some water sources can be contaminated. In case of boiled water, purification is not necessary.

Do not hang any cloth outside during the night

If you have dried your clothes in the sun, you must collect them by the evening. In case you leave them outside at night, they will be wet with dew and freeze which takes hours on end to dry. It will additionally ruin your clothes.

The trek begins and ends in Kathmandu

Kathmandu is the transition between your home country and Mt. Everest base camp. Since Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu is the only international airport in Nepal, you are bound to land in Kathmandu before the trek, and upon the end of your trek, you must go to Kathmandu again.

Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu

In addition to being the capital city of Nepal, it is a melting pot where people from all over Nepal stay. In Kathmandu valley, you will have a couple of days for sightseeing around the world heritage sites and places of great religious and cultural importance.

Everest Base Camp Trek: The Ultimate Guide

During the spring of 2012, I had the privilege of doing something remarkable that everybody wishes and few really end up achieving.

I had got an opportunity to go on a trek to Mount Everest Base Camp. 

Since we all had been new to Everest Base Camp Trek, we felt the necessity of buying a trekking package. While browsing, we came across several official sites of trekking agencies and found Nepal Sanctuary Treks the most trustworthy.

Evesrest Base Camp

The day before leaving for Everest base camp trek, we were given a briefing on the nature of our prospective journey.

I was unquestionably happy, and my friends seemed no less excited.

While flying above clouds we were in raptures at the thought of our upcoming journey to the yard of world’s highest peak.

After a thorough discussion with NST’s staffs, we had finalized a fifteen days’ Everest base camp trek itinerary. Upon landing at Lukla airport, our guide led us to a nearby hotel where, after lunch, he shared few words of motivation.

We were convinced that hike to Everest base camp was going to be a phenomenal journey.

Since we had already been informed that during the entire trek we would be going through Sherpa villages, we definitely expected to see some monasteries and maanes (holy boulders carved with Buddhist scriptures). From the very beginning to the end of the trek, the magnificent views of snow-capped mountains were unavoidable.

The trail was entirely off-road. During our trek, the route was mostly occupied by trekkers and Himalayan yaks, carrying loads on both sides of their back.

The surprising thing was though the number of yaks was almost equal to that of tourists I had never seen such a clean path. It was all because of responsible authority.

On the basis of geographical structure, the route to Everest base camp is not a meandering one. Getting to Namche Bazaar from Dudh Koshi river demands the steepest climb.

After that, the route gradually gets less steep. Another remarkable achievement for me was that I go to see strange birds and animals during the trek.

We saw birds like Danphe,  the national bird of Nepal, Himalayan Monal, pheasant, and numerous anonymous ones chirping overhead and upon the ground.

We had been informed the Sagarmatha National Park consisted of snow leopard, black bear, red panda, Himalayan tahr, etc.

But we were not fortunate enough to observe them closely as we saw only yaks and tahrs, an almost extinct animal which is often named the wild goat.

Tahrs: Found on the way to Everest Base Camp

It felt sublime to be passing over suspension bridges which were adorned with Buddhist prayer flags. The sharp chills caused by the mild breeze often gave us divine feelings.

At a lower elevation of the Everest region, the vegetation consisted of pines, firs, rhododendron, juniper, etc. We saw a sudden change in further landscape. It must have been due to the extreme coldness that the foothills of mountains at higher elevation were mostly covered in short-growing grayish shoots of grass.

Upper Khumbu region trekking mostly consisting of routes, made across screes, passing through huge moraines, gifted us with memories that would last a lifetime.

For us, Everest region trekking was not merely an adventure. We dug some aesthetic values out of the majestic views of ever-white peaks, desert-like moraines, and evergreen lower valleys.

Moreover, we were offered very luxurious lodging and climate-based food. As an alternative to electric heaters, the guesthouses had furnaces at the center of the dining hall which kept the room thoroughly warm. Our guide had chosen standard bedrooms for us.

In spite of the difficulties in the transportation of goods, they served a variety of foods compatible with tourists from all over the world.

Here I will share with you some of the essential information that you should know before going for Everest Base Camp. 

Best Time for Everest Base Camp Trek

If you are coming to Nepal for the trek you are suggested to be conscious of the weather conditions. Due to the geographical variation, the weather varies within the country.

If you are planning particularly to hike to Mt. Everest base camp you are highly recommended to choose two of the best times for trekking to Mt. Everest base camp, either between February and May or between September and October.

Everest Base Camp on Background

As per our guide’s suggestion, we had chosen the second period for our trek. I cannot recall the exact dates of our departure and arrival, but one thing is sure, it was during the biggest Nepalese festival, the Dashain.

Initially, I had thought that I could go trekking to the Mt. Everest base camp at any time of year. It is neither impossible, but the fact is you are required to be prepared to face greater risks during off-seasons.

It seemed very promising with a clear sky and mild breeze when we embarked upon the journey. The entire trek, hence, turned out very fruitful because we had chosen an appropriate time.

It was neither too cold nor too hot, nor it rained, nor snowed, nor the cloud created any disturbance in viewing the mountain ranges. Though this is not the warmest time of the year, this season comes with a pleasant temperature for trekking when nights are also not extremely cold like that of winter.

On one hand, since the popular routes to the world’s highest peak get very busy during this season, you can expect to see thousands of trekkers coming from around the globe.

And, if you do not love being in a crowd, you can change the itinerary and choose alternative routes.

Despite all the benefits mentioned, you are highly recommended to come with suitable gears, for nature is a phenomenon that, sometimes, comes with unprecedented forces.

The period between February and May might be the best time for setting out on Mt. Everest region trek.

As the sky is clear, the days are warm and bright. Because it is preceded by the winter, sometimes you might see small patches of cloud hovering especially in lower valleys.

Very less often light drizzles also might fall, but most days will be fairly stable and dry. Less frequenting showers do not cause trouble whatsoever.

Especially during April, the rhododendron forests en route contribute a lot in the decoration of the entire Khumbu region.

During this season, you may observe them in full bloom which gives exotic feelings even to the local people. Moreover, this is the season when most of Mt. Everest expeditions take place.

Hence, you can have a great time sharing experiences of trekking and expedition with people from around the world. In contrast, if you love spending time in solitude, you might choose to create an itinerary on your own and stay away from crammed lodges.

It is not impossible but very hard to go trekking to the Himalayas during specific seasons of the year.

If you are a prospective visitor to Nepal and want to embark upon Mt. Everest base camp trek, we highly suggest you not to choose the time from November to January and June to August.

This is not a sheer discouragement, though. I just wish you to have a wonderful trekking experience in Nepal. You might wish to know what happens if you choose the wrong seasons for trekking. Again, I would love to remind you of the weather conditions.

By and large, November through to January is the coldest season in Nepal. It does not rain, but the coldness gets to an extreme degree.

I do not discourage you to trek in the Khumbu region, but it depends upon how high you wish to go. During this season, almost all guest houses are closed because the owners move down to lower valleys seeking warmer weather.

Hence, if you are still relentless to go there, it will most probably be a camping trek which is too difficult for both the tourists and the Sherpa assistants.

Moreover, you will have to invest the heavy amount to make such treks possible. At night time, the temperature will go down to -30 degrees Celsius.

Since it is the monsoon period in the Khumbu region of June through to August is not a preferable trekking time. If you go trekking to the Mt. Everest base camp during this season, you might face frequent torrential downpours every day.

It is not specifically cold, but due to the rain, life in this part of Nepal gets pretty arduous for both trekkers and local people. The majority of guesthouses are closed because few tourists arrive.

Even the few tourists, traveling to Mt. Everest base camp during this season, suffer from frequent rainfalls, muddy paths, leach attacks, and they can rarely view mountain ranges clearly.

This season has an adventure of its own kind, but if you really love to go on such trek you will have to invest an additional amount, thanks to the difficulties involved.

Everest Base Camp Trek Cost

Nepal Sanctuary Treks is very flexible in welcoming their guests to Nepal, be it single or any number above that. Everest base camp trekking cost, however, differs on the basis of the trekking package.

If you want to go there as a solo trekker, the chances are it might be slightly more costly for you. Solo trekking in Nepal has its own beauty as long as you hire a trekking package.

In contrast, the cost of Everest base camp trek is somewhat cheaper for group trekkers at a personal level. Despite that, we heartily welcome any number of tourists to Nepal.

First of all, a visitor visa is required for you to enter Nepal. The cost depends upon how long you wish to stay. Nepal visa fee is US$ 40 for up to one month and US$ 100 for up to three months.

You can pay the fee either at the Nepalese embassy in your respective country or at the immigration at Tribhuvan International Airport in Nepal upon landing.

We suggest you bring multiple passport size photos of yours for official purposes. You further might love to know how much it costs to hike to Mt. Everest base camp.

Some of the most important items you are required to purchase are:


 In order to pack your very personal items, you are required to have a medium size of a rucksack.

If you purchase a quality rucksack at Amazon or e-bay, the price is normally above US$ 50.

Waterproof hiking boots

 Hiking boots are another compulsory item for comfortable trekking.

Purchasing a pair of them at Amazon might cost you at least US$ 100.


 Since you are going to the land of snow, sunglasses are necessary for your eyes’ protection.

You can purchase it even at US$ 10 and it might cost up to hundreds of dollars too. However, the quality differs.

Here are a Vestal Himalayas Wayfarer Sunglasses you might like. 

Waterproof/windproof jackets and pants

 If you make a purchase of a pair of these items at Amazon, they might cost at least US$ 150.

Mountain Waterproof Ski Jacket Windproof Rain Jacket and Windproof Athletic Pants can be good friends in the Himalayas. 

Fleece gloves

 They might cost at least US$ 15 if you make a purchase online.

Winter Glove Outdoor Warm Fleece Gloves With TouchScreen is a good option to consider. 

Hiking socks

 You may purchase them on the basis of comfort you need.

You can buy Wool Hiking Outdoor Socks.

Fabric jackets

 Quality fabric jackets for trekking costs normally above US$ 100 anywhere you purchase.

Military Softshell Tactical Jacket Hooded Fleece Coat is a good Jacket for Mountainous region. 

Trekking sticks

 Almost compulsory for kids and old people, trekking sticks will be a great help for every trekker.

Walking Stick Trekking Pole with Adjustable Aluminum will be helpful. 

You might choose to purchase them either in your home country or even in Kathmandu.

The price depends upon the quality of the stuff.

These are only the basic items you are required to purchase and it is applicable to both solo and group trekkers. Nepalese government requires that all trekkers have a professional guide.

While going to Mt. Everest base camp, a trekker is required to make a lot of preparations before making a departure for the destination. The benefit of going with a guide company is that most of the arrangements are made by the company itself.

You should be wary of people who might offer you a trekking package at a very low price and ultimately cheat on you.

We are so sure of this because responses from our clients have been phenomenal so far. Normally, foreigners pay up to US$ 2,000 per person for Everest base camp trek if they are in a group.

Otherwise, if they come alone, they are often found to be paying up to US$ 2,500. 

Tips to save money

When it comes to traveling, the high price often becomes a hindrance to potential travelers.

Spending a huge amount of money for some days of joy might not be everybody’s cup of tea. Nonetheless, following some tips might make your journey to Mt. Everest base camp a lot cheaper.

Followings are some basic tips you might consider the following:

  • Hire a trekking guide who will manage other necessary staff.
  • Ask your guide to manage all trekking preparations.
  • Consult your guide for cheaper shopping.
  • Try to avoid hard drinks.
  • Spend more time capturing memories and less time on the costly internet.
  • Carry sufficient alternative clothes.
  • Try to build a good rapport with people who, you think, are good for friendship
  • If your health condition is deteriorating en route consider taking ample rest, otherwise, you will be required to charter a helicopter.

Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty

You are most probably curious to know how hard it is to trek to Mt. Everest base camp.

As a trekker going to the Mt. Everest base camp, if you ask your predecessors about the difficulty of the trail, you might hear mixed responses from them.

Since you know you are going there for the adventure, you will definitely expect a certain degree of difficulty. There are obviously various obstacles on the trail which might cause more trouble to some trekkers and less to others.

The difficulty of the Everest base camp trek depends upon many factors.

First of all, the entire route is off-road. Though it is paved with stone slabs at places, most part of the path is pebbly. Everest region trekking trail, famous particularly for hiking, involves climbing steep hills at times.

Therefore, for kids and old people alike, it often gets pretty difficult. You are often required to have a high level of fitness to reach Mt. Everest base camp comfortably. Nevertheless, we encourage kids and old tourists to take a rather lengthier time.

It does not necessarily mean youths will always have an easy journey. Since there is a low degree of oxygen in the Himalayas, anyone going for the first time has a high chance of suffering from high altitude sickness.

Regardless of age and physical fitness, you might have difficulty adjusting to the new climate. Hence, we advise you to attend the briefing sessions organized by Nepal Sanctuary Treks on different occasions of the journey.

Moreover, staff will be sharing their personal experiences and advising you on acclimatization processes whenever you ask them for.

So far, I have not heard any case of an animal attack during a trek to Everest base camp. Despite that, we suggest our guests keep watchful eyes on yaks.

Throughout the trekking seasons, we can observe a large number of yaks moving uphill and downhill, delivering stuff on their back. God knows when, but they can turn violent at any time. Hence, we emphasize that prevention is better than cure.

During favorable trekking seasons, when guest houses are bustling with domestic and international tourists, you might have a problem finding safe accommodation. Hence, we suggest our guests hire a guide at any rate so that they will not have to worry about finding a good accommodation.

Tips for New Trekkers

Everest base camp trek is quite strenuous for many reasons. Though there are so many villages on the trail, you will be trekking for approximately 15 days which is not a joke. The higher you go, the more difficulties you will face adapting to the new climate. We suggest prospective trekkers follow certain guidelines before coming to Nepal for trekking to Mt. Everest base camp.


  • Train yourself by going on long hikes


  • Try to get acquainted with high altitude

Try to learn basic Nepalese greetings

  • is mandatory to have registered proper life insurance before coming to Nepal for trekking.
  • It is important to attend cardiovascular training widely. You can practice physically demanding activities like cycling, swimming, hill climbing, lengthy walks, etc.
  • Don’t consider bringing luggage above 30 pounds
  • Consult the agency you have hired about the necessary stuff you should carry.
  • Do not condemn the local culture just because it is strange to you.
  • You are strictly suggested to read the national park rules and act accordingly.
  • You should not disobey your guide. The professional guides want you to have a wonderful time while in Nepal. So, you have to understand what they mean when they disapprove of your certain demands.

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